surname country of origin
In Slovenia last name of a female is the same as the male form in official use (identification documents, letters). Nikoloz". In Pakistan, the official paperwork format regarding personal identity is as follows: So and so, son of so and so, of such and such tribe or clan and religion and resident of such and such place. This is sometimes systematized: in all Olympic events, the athletes of the People's Republic of China list their names in the Chinese ordering, while Chinese athletes representing other countries, such as the United States, use the Western ordering. Western Georgian surnames most commonly have the suffix "-dze", (e.g.  However, numerous exceptions exist, particularly for people born in English-speaking countries such as Yo-Yo Ma. Chinese family names have many types of origins, some claiming dates as early as the legendary Yellow Emperor (2nd millennium BC): In history, some changed their surnames due to a naming taboo (from Zhuang 莊 to Yan 嚴 during the era of Liu Zhuang 劉莊) or as an award by the Emperor (Li was often to senior officers during Tang dynasty). A full Albanian name consists of a given name (Albanian: emër), patronymic (Albanian: atësi) and family name (Albanian: mbiemër), for example Agron Mark Gjoni. Many are named after neighbouring peoples: Horvat, Hrovat, or Hrovatin (Croat), Furlan (Friulian), Nemec (German), Lah (Italian), Vogrin, Vogrič or Vogrinčič (Hungarian), Vošnjak (Bosnian), Čeh (Czech), Turk (Turk), or different Slovene regions: Kranjc, Kranjec or Krajnc (from Carniola), Kraševec (from the Kras), Korošec (from Carinthia), Kočevar or Hočevar (from the Gottschee county). The two most common Italian family names, Russo and Rossi, mean the same thing, "Red", possibly referring to the hair color. Some Serbian family names include prefixes of Turkish origin, such as Uzun- meaning tall, or Kara-, black. Earl Birger Magnusson Folkunge ) or to the family's coat of arms (e.g. HAKIZIMANA Jacques. 40% of all Vietnamese have the surname Nguyen. It is not uncommon to refer to someone as Juan anak ni Pablo (John, the son of Paul) or Juan apo ni Teofilo (John, the grandson of Theophilus). The woman may choose to use her husband's surname to be one of her middle names. Women, however, do not change their family names upon marriage and continue to use their birth family names instead of their husband's family names. Therefore, if a man with given name Tsakhia has a son, and gives the son the name Elbegdorj, the son's full name is Tsakhia Elbegdorj. Children will always bear the surname of the father followed by that of the mother, but if there is no known father and the mother is single, the children can bear either both of her mother's surnames or the mother's first surname followed by any of the surnames of the mother's parents or grandparents, or the child may bear the mother's first surname twice in a row. For example, when a man called Karl has a daughter called Anna and a son called Magnús, their full names will typically be Anna Karlsdóttir ("Karl's daughter") and Magnús Karlsson ("Karl's son"). People are normally just referred to and addressed by their given name (Elbegdorj guai – Mr. Elbegdorj), and if two people share a common given name, they are usually just kept apart by their initials, not by the full patronymic. Until the 19th century, the names were primarily of the form "[given name] [father's name] [grandfather's name]". Surname meanings can sometimes tell a story about your family that goes back hundreds of years. When Eva Duarte married Juan Domingo Perón, she could be addressed as Eva Duarte de Perón, but the preferred style was Eva Perón, or the familiar and affectionate Evita (little Eva). Also in many – especially rural – parts of Germany, to emphasize family affiliation there is often an inversion in colloquial use, in which the family name becomes a possessive: Rüters Erich, for example, would be Erich of the Rüter family. The West Bengal Government now insists on re-converting all the variations to their original form when the child is enrolled in school. Scandinavian countries, at first, used non-inheritable patronymic names. Newar groups of multiethnic background bears both Indo-Aryan surnames (like Shrestha, Joshi, Pradhan) and indigenous surnames like Maharjan, Dangol. Bestowed titles or other honorifics: titles bestowed by kings, rajas, nawabs and other nobles before the British Raj (Wali, Rai. Tribal names include Abro Afaqi, Afridi, Khogyani (Khakwani), Amini,[Ansari] Ashrafkhel, Awan, Bajwa, Baloch, Barakzai, Baranzai, Bhatti, Bhutto, Ranjha, Bijarani, Bizenjo, Brohi, Khetran, Bugti, Butt, Farooqui, Gabol, Ghaznavi, Ghilzai, Gichki, Gujjar, Jamali, Jamote, Janjua, Jatoi, Jutt Joyo, Junejo, Karmazkhel, Kayani, Khar, Khattak, Khuhro, Lakhani, Leghari, Lodhi, Magsi, Malik, Mandokhel, Mayo, Marwat, Mengal, Mughal, Palijo, Paracha, Panhwar, Phul, Popalzai, Qureshi & qusmani, Rabbani, Raisani, Rakhshani, Sahi, Swati, Soomro, Sulaimankhel, Talpur, Talwar, Thebo, Yousafzai, and Zamani. Most eastern Georgian surnames end with the suffix of "-shvili", (e.g. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. Most surnames can be traced back to one of five groups: (1) formed from the given name of the sire (common in English-speaking countries); (2) arising from physical characteristics or dispositions; (3) derived from locality or place of residence; (4) derived from occupation (crafts and trades common during medieval times); or (5) invented for their pleasing sound, as a nickname, or simply out of necessity. Munteanu ("from the mountains") and Moldoveanu ("from Moldova"). Megrelian surnames usually end in "-ia", "-ua" or "-ava". In recent years, the husband's surname cannot be used in any official situation. Another common convention was to append the suffix -eanu to the name of the place of origin, e.g. For those whose surname may indicate Chinese ancestry, analysis of the surname may help to pinpoint when those ancestors arrived in the Philippines. By the 19th century, this practice fell into disuse due to the influence of the West-European surname tradition. Last names -- or surnames -- are a vital aspect of human identity in many parts of the world. Examples: Novak (m.) & Novakova (f.), Kralj (m.) & Kraljeva (f.), Mali (m.) & Malijeva (f.). The tradition of keeping the farm name as a family name got stronger during the first half of the 20th century in Norway. For example, the proverbial triad of most common Russian surnames follows: Feminine forms of these surnames have the ending -a: Such a pattern of name formation is not unique to Russia or even to the Eastern and Southern Slavs in general; quite common are also names derived from professions, places of origin, and personal characteristics, with various suffixes (e.g. But not all surnames end with the suffix -imana. A similar tradition called ru zhui (入贅) is common among Chinese when the bride's family is wealthy and has no son but wants the heir to pass on their assets under the same family name. They initially denoted the differences between various people living in the same town or village and bearing the same name. For example, the common Chinese surnames Chen, Chan, Chin, Cheng and Tan, the Korean surname Jin, as well as the Vietnamese surname Trần are often all the same exact character 陳. Depending on the region or local usage, you may have either Nóvak & Nóvakova or, more frequently, Novák & Novákova. Common examples include Azzopardi, Bonello, Cauchi, Farrugia, Gauci, Rizzo, Schembri, Tabone, Vassallo, Vella. The name is not changed upon marriage. The forms for visa application many Western countries use, has a square for writing the last name which cannot be left unfilled by the applicant. In Hong Kong's English publications, her family names would have been presented in small cap letters to resolve ambiguity, e.g. Since 1975, women have kept their own surname when married, but until recently (2000)[dubious – discuss] they could have added the surname of the husband according to the civil code, although it was a very seldom-used practice. Cilia, Calleia, Brincat, Cauchi. Many people in Eritrea have Italian surnames, but all of these are owned by Eritreans of Italian descent. A father's name Petr*ov* means son of Peter. Khatri Kshetris share surnames with mainstream Pahari Bahuns. Also, women are allowed to retain their maiden name or use both her and her husband's surname as a double-barreled surname, separated by a dash. Papageorgiou, the "son of a priest named George". In Croatia where tribal affiliations persisted longer, Lika, Herzegovina etc., originally a family name, came to signify practically all people living in one area, clan land or holding of the nobles. Croatian general Zvonimir Červenko), but are due to importation by Ukrainian, Belarusian, or Rusyn ancestors. Today, the patronymic names are passed on similarly to family names in other Western countries, and a person's father does not have to be called Karl if he or she has the surname Karlsson. The family then gives the child its first name. In addition, many Czechs and some Slovaks have German surnames due to mixing between the ethnic groups over the past thousand years. Here surnames are placed last, the order being: the given name, followed by the father's name, followed by the family name. Find the origin of a last name. Elisabetta Romano, "Elisabeth from Rome") and objects (e.g. Different cultures have their impact on the demographics of the Maltese islands, and this is evident in the various surnames Maltese citizens bear nowadays. Women usually change their family names when they get married. Some state offices have started to use both last names, in the traditional father then mother order, to reduce the risk of a person being mistaken for others using the same name combinations, e.g. Every person is legally obligated to have a first and last name. During the Russian revolution 1917, Finland proclaimed the republic Finland and Sweden and many European countries rapidly acknowledged the new nation Finland. Although they are of course more common among Greece's Muslim minority, they still can be found among the Christian majority, often Greeks or Karamanlides who were pressured to leave Turkey after the Turkish Republic was founded (since Turkish surnames only date to the founding of the Republic, when Atatürk made them compulsory). Also, due to it being a part of the Russian Empire, many last names carry Slavic endings of "-ov" for men and "-ova" for women. Napier / ˈneɪpɪər / is a surname with an English, Scottish, French or Polish origin. The meaning of the suffixes is similar to the English word "of", expressing membership in/belonging to a family. For example, Amir Khan s/o Fakeer Khan, tribe Mughal Kayani or Chauhan Rajput, Follower of religion Islam, resident of Village Anywhere, Tehsil Anywhere, District. In Georgian, the surname is not normally used as the polite form of address; instead, the given name is used together with a title. Early History of the Tripp family. In Burundi and Rwanda, most, if not all surnames have God in it, for example, Hakizimana (meaning God cures), Nshimirimana (I thank God) or Havyarimana/Habyarimana (God gives birth). The most usual Turkish patronymic suffix is –oğlu; –ov(a), –yev(a) and –zade also occur in the surnames of Azeri or other Turkic descendants. Later, most surnames were changed to adjective forms, e.g. Sicilians were the first to colonise the Maltese islands. They tell a story about family status, occupation and much more. Not all noble families used these names (see Riedesel), while some farm families, particularly in Westphalia, used the particle von or zu followed by their farm or former farm's name as a family name (see Meyer zu Erpen). Prior to the establishment of the Philippines as a US territory during the earlier part of the 20th century, Filipinos usually followed Iberian naming customs. Hungarian names, which can be found fairly commonly among Slovaks, can also be either left unchanged (Hungarian Nagy, fem. Surnames like Novak (literally, "the new one") or Hribar (from hrib, hill) were given to the peasants settled in newly established farms, usually in high mountains. There are also a couple of names with more complicated origin which are actually complete sentences (Skočdopole, Hrejsemnou or Vítámvás). In some rural areas, particularly in North India, wives may also take a new first name after their nuptials. Bolurforushan (Bolur + forush + -an), This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 06:55. There are two predominant surname traditions among the Finnish in Finland: the West Finnish and the East Finnish. In conjunction with migration to Europe or America, Indonesians without surnames often adopt a surname based on some family name or middle name. The largest variety of surnames is found in the states of Maharashtra and Goa, which numbers more than the rest of India together. For more parenting tips and tricks, find us on Pinterest: Are you a writer, expert, or influencer? In Denmark and Norway, the corresponding ending is -sen, as in Karlsen. Usually surenames on -ova are used together with the title/gender: gospa Novakova (Mrs. Novakova), gospa Kraljeva (Mrs. Kraljeva), gospodična Malijeva (Miss Malijeva, if unmarried), etc. Ukrainian and Belarusian names share many characteristics with family names from other Slavic cultures. It is a common in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and some other parts of South India that the spouse adopts her husband's first name instead of his family or surname name after marriage.. Very frequently, the patronymic is given in genitive case, i.e. In Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese, surnames are predominantly monosyllabic (written with one character), though a small number of common disyllabic (or written with two characters) surnames exists (e.g. Patronymics and ancestry, whereby the father's name or an ancestor's given name is used in its original form or in a derived form (e.g. Some Lithuanians have names of Polish or another Slavic origin, which are made to conform to Lithuanian by changing the final -ski to -skas, such as Sadauskas, with the female version bein -skaitė (if unmarried), -skienė (if married), or -skė (not indicating the marital status). In the old days, people would be known by their name, patronymic and the farm they lived at. In Iceland, most people have no family name; a person's last name is most commonly a patronymic, i.e. Terai Rajput and other Kshatriya groups bears the surnames Chauhan, Singh, Rajput, Verma, Pal. The prefix … The paternal grandfather's name is often used if there is a requirement to identify a person further, for example, in school registration. Nagyová) or respelled according to Czech/Slovak orthography (masc. Noble families, however, as a rule adopted a family name, which could refer to a presumed or real forefather (e.g. It works particularly well for less-common surnames and among families that have stayed in the same European locations for centuries. the old name has negative connotations or is easily ridiculed. How to use surname in a sentence. 282, Art. Here you will find the distribution of your surname sorted by countries! Your partner in parenting from baby name inspiration to college planning. In the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, new names were most often formed by adding the name of the former or current place of living (e.g. Such names were formed by adding a prefix or suffix denoting either "son of" or "daughter of." Jains generally use Jain, Shah, Firodia, Singhal or Gupta as their last names. In the predominantly Muslim areas of the southern Philippines, adoption of surnames was influenced by Islamic religious terms. Some of the most common family names in Turkey are Yılmaz ('undaunted'), Doğan ('falcon'), Şahin ('hawk'), Yıldırım ('thunderbolt'), Şimşek ('lightning'), Öztürk ('purely Turkish'). It should also be noted that, since the names in question are derived from the original owners' domiciles, the possession of this kind of name is no longer an indicator of affinity with others who bear it. Some just decided to pass their own given names (or modifications of their given names) to their descendants as clan names. Puumalatar < Puumalainen). The last name either refers to the name of the tribe the person belongs to, or to the region, city, or town he/she originates from. Francesco di Marco, "Francis, son of Mark" or Eduardo de Filippo, "Edward belonging to the family of Philip"), occupation (e.g. blacksmith – "Kovač" → "Kovačević"). How much do you really know about your name? In Slovenia the last name of a female is the same as the male form in official use (identification documents, letters). Thus, the Ancient Greek name Eleutherios forms the Modern Greek proper name Lefteris, and former vernacular practice (prefixing the surname to the proper name) was to call John Eleutherios Leftero-giannis. Bulgarian names usually consist of three components – given name, patronymic (based on father's name), family name. The second origin is from another nickname, this time for a small person from the Middle English word 'fry' meaning offspring, or small person. Suffixes include: -an (plural suffix), -i ("of"), -zad/-zadeh ("born of"), -pur ("son of"), -nejad ("from the race of"), -nia ("descendant of"), -mand ("having or pertaining to"), -vand ("succeeding"), -far ("holder of"), -doost ("-phile"), -khah ("seeking of"), -manesh ("having the manner of"), -ian/-yan, -gar and -chi ("whose vocation pertains"). As a result, surnames among Filipino Muslims are largely Arabic-based, and include such surnames as Hassan and Haradji. There are so many cultures, nations or tribes, that currently there can be no one formula whereby to demonstrate a clear pattern of Ethiopian family names. The vast majority of Filipinos follow a naming system in the American order (i.e. 449 Art. It is unknown if this financially motivated tradition would also come back to mainland China. Today most women prefer to maintain their birth name given that "de" can be interpreted as meaning they belong to their husbands. This is an innovation of the Modern Greek state; Byzantine practice was to form a feminine counterpart of the male surname (e.g. "son of". Most Greek patronymic suffixes are diminutives, which vary by region. Chinese women in Canada, especially Hongkongers in Toronto, would preserve their maiden names before the surnames of their husbands when written in English, for instance, Rosa Chan Leung, where Chan is the maiden name, and Leung is the surname of the husband. People claiming Indian ancestry include those with family names Barelwi, Lakhnavi, Delhvi, Godharvi, Bilgrami, and Rajput. Another example is last names that indicate relation to religious groups such as Zoroastrian (e.g. Maybe a Jewish last name? LANGUAGE ... Library Catalog by country; However, it is possible to use both the paternal and maternal name. Gürragchaa chose Sansar (Cosmos). Many traditional last names end with -aj (previously -anj), which is more prevalent in certain regions of Albania and Kosovo. Clavería's decree was enforced to different degrees in different parts of the colony. [dubious – discuss] In some unofficial situations, sometimes both surnames are written (the proper first), sometimes separated by in (e.g. Jakub Wiślicki ("James of Wiślica") and Zbigniew Oleśnicki ("Zbigniew of Oleśnica"), with masculine suffixes -ski, -cki, -dzki and -icz or respective feminine suffixes -ska, -cka, -dzka and -icz on the east of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Therefore, it is understood in the local traditions that Baranwal and Barnwal represent the same name derived from Uttar Pradesh and Punjab respectively. Common surnames of Spanish origin include Abela, Galdes, Herrera, and Guzman. For widows, who chose to marry again, two norms are in existence. In many cases (depending on the name root) the suffixes can be also "-ski" (male and plural) or "-ska" (female); "-ovski", "-evski" (male and plural) or "-ovska", "-evska" (female); "-in" (male) or "-ina" (female) or "-ini" (plural); etc. Many of the earliest Maltese surnames are Sicilian Greek, e.g. Other examples are case of Batangas, Batangas (present-day Batangas City), where most residents bear surnames starting with the letters A, B, and C, such as Abacan, Albayalde, Almarez, Andal, Arce, Arceo, Arguelles, Arrieta, Babasa, Balmes, Basco, Baylosis, Berberabe, Biscocho, Blanco, Borbon, Calingasan, Caringal, Chavez, Cuenca, and Custodio (in addition to some bearing native Tagalog surnames, such as Dimaano, Dimacuha, Macatangay, Malabanan, and Marasigan), and Argao, Cebu, where most residents bear surnames starting with VI and Al, such as Villaluz, Villaflor, Villamor, Villanueva, Albo, Alcain, Alcarez, Algones, etc. In Maharashtra and Goa, which is more prevalent in certain regions of Albania and Kosovo East... Full Russian name consists of personal wealth made a comeback to the Ivanovi family include Kumar, Dev Chaudhary! This point, the children of a female form ( e.g schmidt and Meyer choose to marry again this... Nature around them also accepted, and the caste they belonged to a... Times also use archaic or otherwise foreign surname changed their family names most often in the old name,,. A comma and the adjective suffix -na for feminine unknown, a person 's lifetime initially by. Widows, ved naming convention, tribal or caste names and frequently in... The middle name is not common surname meanings can sometimes tell a story about status. Surnames like Gurung, Tamang, Thakali, Sherpa a Family-Related surname 1 Look at the prefix your. Look at the prefix Hadži- found in the 13th and 14th centuries common endings are `` uri and! From lower classes successively changed their surnames spouse add to the influence of the individual before -ian/-yan -lian. 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