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comma before including

Vydáno 11.12.2020 - 07:05h. 0 Komentářů

0 0. soft. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. A nonrestrictive clause is a phrase that adds non-essential information to a sentence without changing the overall meaning. If it is part of a non-restrictive or unessential clause or phrase, you need a comma. How to use including in a sentence. Mammals, including dolphins and humans, are warm-blooded. The first example does not require commas before and after the phrase, “including bears and rabbits.” In the second sentence, these punctuation marks are required around the phrase, “including dolphins and humans.”. When you write, you should ask yourself how you want the reader to understand your examples—as essential or inessential—and punctuate accordingly. Hope this helped. If we return to the idea that commas exist to add clarity to a sentence, it’s obvious why: the lack of a comma pulls the eye along the sentence to the end without stopping, so that we know all the ideas it contains are strongly connected. In cases where the sentence could be interpreted in two different ways, the writer may use punctuation to alert the reader to his or her intended meaning. My suggestion: No comma before "if" Sentence 2: In fact, this dish tastes even better if you boil the potatoes the night before. You can also use a comma before ‘and’ to connect two unrelated clauses. We are having a continuing discussion about the use of a comma before since in this type of sentence: The number was purposely selected, since most people can divide mentally. On the other hand, it might be best to wait until next week. Without a common agreement in place, using a comma or not using it is acceptable. Place a comma before which when which precedes a nonrestrictive clause. For example, suppose you were asked to go to the store and buy bread, butter, peanut butter and honey. One way to think about it is that if what follows the word are items essential to the topic under discussion, you should not add a comma. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. I would not swear to this, but I would say that you can, but do not have to, put a comma before "including sales tax." In all of these sentences, you could not easily remove the phrase beginning with “including.” When you try to eliminate an essential clause, you end up changing the meaning of the sentence. A number of root vegetables, including turnips and parsnips,are rich in vitamin C. * Trivial example - at the beginning of a sentence - no preceding comma: "Before I was a lawyer, I wrote software." In the above, the comma before "including" (and the one after "Russia") is purely based on the context. No comma is used before “such as” or “including” when a sentence wouldn’t make sense without the words that follow. In the missing phrase, the reader learns that the winning proposal was the one with the new city park, not any of the others. This is understandable if you try to memorize set rules for each word. For example: “Jack tried a new diet, but he still gained weight.” I just remove the but and break them into two sentences and see if they still make sense. Mammals including bears and rabbits have fur. On many occasions, the examples preceded by 'such as' or 'including' are offset with commas. Q. We don’t know what the others might be, but we know that there are others, and even if we didn’t list anything we would still know she was famous for more than one reason. Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as introduces an essential or nonessential clause. Most often, writers choose to use commas to separate an inessential phrase from the essential content of a sentence. The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. The serial comma is the comma before the last “and” in a series: red, white, and blue. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. Yes and no. Wait for others to respond before … Typically, a restrictive phrase using this word would take the form “that include” (or “that includes” or “that included”) instead of “including.”, Rewritten to match that pattern, our example sentence about bagpipes would look like this: “Jennifer hates listening to songs that include bagpipes.”, While both forms are grammatical, you would be best served to rephrase any sentences that contain a restrictive clause or phrase beginning with “including.”. Source(s): https://shrinke.im/a0KcY. This clues us into the fact that we are dealing with restrictive phrases, and that means we should not insert a comma. A nonessential clause could also be written as a parenthetical or placed between em dashes. As we see, the main places where commas are necessary before/after names are . The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. The annexes are part of the contract. Unlike clauses, which must contain at least a verb and which often include a subject or object, phrases can consist of any group of words. "Before" may, but need not necessarily, be preceded by a comma. Hey fellow Linguaholics! Don’t place a comma before which when which is part of a prepositional phrase. If you removed the comma from… As a bonus, this means you don’t have to worry about whether or not you need a comma before “including,” because you can remember that it only needs to appear in non-restrictive phrases, which always use a comma. In other words, you really only need a comma when the meaning of a sentence or its clauses does not make sense without one. In the following example, the verb is active, but the usage is similar: The construction of the megaproject was as complicated as expected. But , when it joins two clauses, it indicates a contrast between two ideas. ü While introducing a person. You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. Is there a comma before including? Use a comma before “such as” and “including” when the words that follow are an aside. 2018-05-24 16:21 #0 by: Evelina Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. Main Takeaways: Place a comma before which when which precedes a nonrestrictive clause. In general, that is not introduced by a comma, as this would separate the two sentences which that (conjunction) links. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? In my previous roles as new media producer with Rosetta Stone, director of marketing for global ventures with The Juilliard School, and vice president of digital strategy with Up & Coming Media, I helped develop the voice for international brands. Below, you’ll find examples of two sentences with similar syntax; however, one sentence requires a comma and one doesn’t. If the number of page visits is a reliable indicator, this topic—using a comma before and—is on the minds of many people.The third most oft-visited on this site, this page garnered close to 10,000 hits in the past thirty days. Don’t use a comma before while when you mean “during the same time.” Do use a comma before while when you mean “whereas” or “although.” When while is used as a conjunction, it has two meanings. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. It’s easy to tell, because with that phrase removed the sentence becomes the rather odd “My brother only eats meals.”. Example: While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. A phrase is a group of words in a sentence that forms a cohesive group or idea. Before we reveal which sentence needs a comma and which doesn’t, let’s go back to a term from the beginning of the show: participial phrase. https://www.monmouth.edu/resources-for-writers/documents/appositives.pdf/, https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/semi-colons-colons-and-dashes/, https://medium.com/@Ediket/when-do-you-use-a-comma-before-including-or-such-as-9b3e1b4f7af3. When a word or phrase forms an introduction to a sentence, you should follow it with a comma, as recommended by Purdue OWL. Like other appositives, these phrases are framed by commas in order to set them apart from the rest of the sentence. As you can note from the example sentence above, restrictive phrases do not use a comma before them. Comma usage suggests that the examples are some of many. The price for the ticket is $15.75 including sales tax. In other words, the “such as” or “including” phrase is essential to the idea. Example: While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. no. In both of these sentences, the phrases “including vampires” and “including bagpipes” are essential to understanding the meaning. Chief among them is that the need for commas is primarily determined by the need for clarity. NOTE: Do not use a comma if the order is reversed (the independent clause comes before the dependent clause), except for cases of extreme contrast. When they introduce an essential description necessary to the meaning of the sentence, the writer should not set the description apart with commas. Besides, when you use that as a relative pronoun, you cannot use it in non defining sentences (where you use which), but these are the only ones where a comma is needed, to separate them from the main clause. From my home office in Maui, Hawaii, I currently work on freelance and ghostwriting projects. Thanks. Sometimes, whether one puts a comma before "including" or not can affect the meaning of the sentence. Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as introduces an essential or nonessential clause. There is also a prescriptive rule in American English, commonly quoted as “‘which’ can only be used in non-essential clauses”, but the topic is rather complex, so I wrote more about it in a separate article . A number of other phrases can introduce a comparison, functioning in the same role as the word “including.”. It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” For example: ‘It’s cold outside, and I can’t find my coat.’ ‘We want to visit Big Ben, and then see Tower Bridge on Thursday.’ As you can see, the use of a comma before ‘and’ is more important than you’d think. We are including you. Whether “including” requires a comma will depend on what the word is doing in your sentence. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. © Linguaholic 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | About Us, “Here is” vs. “Here are”: Here's How you Tell What's Right. Although many consider it unnecessary, others (including Business Insider) insist … The G8 countries including France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and Russia participated in the G8 summit held at New Delhi. ü Where the sentence is focussing on a particular person. It depends, entirely, on the context in which you are putting the word "even." Because there is an item that contains peanut butter and honey, in which case you would want 3 items. Wiki User Answered . One easy way to tell if you have a restrictive phrase is by removing it, because that will change the meaning of the sentence or make it nonsensical. A comma (,) generally indicates pauses in speech. On the other hand, if “including” is the start of a phrase that is essential to your sentence’s meaning, you should not add a comma. Kevin went to Chicago with his new friends on the Friday night before last. However, in the following example, the word "including" introduces essential information and a comma should not be used: The plan including her suggestions is the one we chose. Depending on which category you use, you’ll need to punctuate your sentence differently. On the other hand, if removing the phrase does nothing to the meaning of the sentence, and it still makes sense, then the phrase is non-restrictive and a comma should be used. if but before is a sentence on its on and after but is a sentence on its own then put a comma before but. [We rented lodging for our ski trip to Utah in Mar… Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. Here are some examples: However, she didn’t love him back. Is it correct to put a comma before "using"? In these examples, the first four have ending phrases that don't take a comma. I say the comma in the example below is superfluous because there is no introductory or non-restrictive clause. On the other hand, if these phrases begin an inessential description, commas must be used. Don K. Ferguson, retired U.S. District Court chief deputy clerk, is a former News Sentinel city editor and a … Posted on Published: August 23, 2020 Categories English. When you write, you should ask yourself how you want the reader to understand your examples—as essential or inessential—and punctuate accordingly. Using a Comma before “And” (and Other Coordinating Conjunctions) in a Sentence. Ultimately, it does not matter whether the restrictive clause appears at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle of a sentence, or at the end of a sentence; regardless of placement, if a descriptive clause changes the meaning of a sentence, never use commas to set the phrase apart. What’s more useful is to understand the actual purpose a word, phrase or clause has in a sentence. Experts are often divided on the issue. This tricky English-language comma rule—worthy of its own article—confuses people because proper punctuation depends on the context of the sentence. The comma placed between “jumping” and “and swimming” is an example of an Oxford comma. ; Don’t use a comma before which when it’s used to pose an indirect question. ; A nonrestrictive clause is a phrase that adds non-essential information to a sentence without changing the overall meaning. Without commas, the statement is true for those unique examples, but not for all examples within the category. For the moment, though, I want to address a topic that a couple of people have written to me about recently, namely the “no comma before ‘because’ or ‘since’ rule.” Actually, it’s not really a “rule” per se. The choice between an em dash, parentheses, or a comma becomes a stylistic decision—all three forms of punctuation serve the same purpose in this context. All of the following sentences still make sense, even with the clauses removed: The nonessential examples act as a descriptive phrase or appositive, providing more information about the noun that precedes them. Comma before including? In contrast to the examples above, sometimes the phrase does provide information necessary to the meaning of the sentence. This blog will tackle the word “including,” examining the ways the word is used in sentences and when it requires a comma. “Alfred’s girlfriend will only go to see movies including vampires.”, “Jennifer hates listening to songs including bagpipes.”. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. Do not use a comma before “as” when using it in a comparison. 6 years ago. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? When should you use a comma? It’s more of a guideline. It’s a style choice. If you use the word "including," it may help clarify to put a comma BEFORE it, but you still do not need a colon after it. Ask yourself, “Are the examples unique, or is the statement true for all examples within the category?”. I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. Is there a comma before including? ü Where the clause before/after the name is not essential. Can you imagine the first sentence without the comma? While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. 0 0. michael p. I’m as happy as a clam. To answer that, you need to think about the content of the examples. In sentences with the structure of our example, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” Adding the comma did not change the meaning of any words in the sentence except for one: as. In short, if you cannot take out the phrase that begins with “including” from your sentence, it is restrictive and should not have a comma. Rule #2: Use a Comma After an Introductory Word or Phrase. Below, you’ll find sentences with restrictive clauses that cannot easily be removed. Depends on the sentence. Only if it begins a new clause. Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” Read more about the Oxford Comma. That last comma, known as the serial comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma, causes serious controversy. 5. When to Use a Comma Before “Such As ... With the second sentence, you’d imply that all cities are great, including Los Angeles and Denver. As a writer, you may choose the type of examples you’ll list—restrictive or nonrestrictive. After earning a perfect score on the Writing SAT, I worked my way through Brown University by moonlighting as a Kaplan Test Prep tutor. The first example does not require commas before and after the phrase, “including bears and rabbits.” In the second sentence, these punctuation marks are required around the phrase, “including dolphins and humans.” You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Read more about commas in lists. About the Author. The comma placed between “jumping” and “and swimming” is an example of an Oxford comma. Mignon Fogarty . including example sentences. That last comma before the “and” is called a serial comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma. “Mushrooms such as the truffe blanche d'Alba are too expensive to be used daily.” Some people say to always use it and other people say to only use it when leaving it out would cause confusion. That last comma before the “and” is called a serial comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma. My suggestion: No comma before "if" Sentence 3 is a bit more complicated: You can substitute dark chocolate for white chocolate or any of your favourite type of chocolate if you prefer. 2018-05-24 16:21 #0 by: Evelina Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. In fact, "using Y" is a present participle phrase, which functions as an adjective-phrase. Adding or not adding a comma is largely a grammatical preference. But the last one uses a comma before the word "flying." In many sentences, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” Many writers (even good ones) forget to put a comma before the word as when one is needed (or they use a comma when they shouldn’t). Mammals including bears and rabbits have fur. If the specific examples aren’t essential to the accuracy of your sentence, then use a comma before such as and after your example, unless the example is at the very end of the sentence. Take a look at the sentences below and try to imagine them without the phrase that begins with “including.”. Some students make silly excuses, such as “My dog ate my homework.” You can imagine a Venn diagram with overlapping circles—one for the category and others for category examples. As with our earlier french fry example, the first sentence here is a bit odd without its restrictive phrase there to tell us what kind of movies Alfred’s girlfriend likes. Whether “including” requires a comma will depend on what the word is doing in your sentence. It’s a style choice. I get a little embarrassed whenever I think of my college days. I think the options are: "Key takeaways from the press release include:" or "There are many key takeaways from the press release, including:" Comma before or after including? Answer. A compound sentence is one that contains two or more independent clauses joined by one or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and. My understanding is that if the subordinate clause follows the main clause, no comma precedes the conjunction; however, I saw the following sentence in the Q&A and am now confused. Many world-renowned athletes, such as Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps,are also among the richest people on Earth. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. More examples: Everyone survived, including the family dog. [Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years], and [today he is an accomplished performer]. Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. a. This video discusses the factors that determine whether or not to use a comma before ‘including’ or ‘such as’ in a sentence. If what follows are just some examples of things relating to the topic, you do need a comma. You should only put a comma before "but" when connecting two independent clauses. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. For example, this usage of "but" does not take a comma: "To quack but to have no one hear is a sad thing for a duck." The serial comma is the comma before the last “and” in a series: red, white, and blue. In other words, there is virtually never a comma before “that”, unless there is some other reason to use a comma, such as another non-essential subordinate clause ending there. My work background includes conservation work, such as prairie restoration and controlled burns. A comma before LLC is not a requirement as far as state LLC registration is concerned. If you get confused about when you should use a comma before the word “including,” you’re certainly not alone. They suggest that you are going to list just a few of the relevant items. no. Compose bold, clear, mistake-free writing with Grammarly's AI-powered writing assistant, A nonrestrictive, or nonessential, clause could easily be removed without changing the meaning of an independent clause or sentence. It’s worth noting that while they are grammatically correct, sentences with a restrictive phrase and the word “including” look and sound a little odd. Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. “I met so many interesting people, including a writer, a photographer, and an aviator.” Words like “including” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. if but before is a sentence on its on and after but is a sentence on its own then put a comma before but. An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that comprises a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. It is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and linguistics in general. When a phrase is restrictive or essential, that means it more completely defines the main clause of the sentence. 22 Responses to “Comma Before But” Jenxi on February 19, 2014 8:26 am. It’s an adverb because it relates to the state-of-being verb. Some people say to always use it and other people say to only use it when leaving it out would cause confusion. While that might make for an interesting science fiction movie, it doesn’t make much sense! As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. Adding "including the pilot" just adds emphasis; since everyone on the plane was alive, we can assume that the pilot was, as well. It would mean that the singers Jennifer like are literally the three singers following combined into a single person. The new policy applies to everyone, including faculty. Like “including,” these phrases may introduce either a restrictive or a nonrestrictive clause. between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items.. the height, width, or depth; in a study by Spencer, Girard, and Singh (2010) to set off a nonessential or nonrestrictive clause, that is, a clause that embellishes a sentence but if removed would leave the grammatical structure and meaning of the sentence intact. When to Use a Comma Before “Such As” ... With the second sentence, you’d imply that all cities are great, including Los Angeles and Denver. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. Mammals, including dolphins and humans, are warm-blooded. I don't want to write We focused on X and used Y. because I find it ambiguous: it is unclear whether Y was done to achieve X, or Y was done in addition to X. I don't want to write We focused on X using Y. because it is then unclear whether I used Y myself, or simply that I was interested in "X using Y". Without the restrictive clauses, the sentences above lack crucial information. 2. Comma Before Including. When should you use a comma? “Jennifer’s favorite singers are all women, including Katy Perry, Taylor Swift and Aretha Franklin.”, “The actress was a famous speaker for many reasons, including her ability to make people cry.”. In this case, the comma is necessary. Similarly, we might tend to look askance at Jennifer if she hates listening to any kind of song whatsoever. Just wondering if you could give me some guidance - I thought that you don't need a comma but am I right? 5. I received a BA with honors in Literary Arts (Playwriting)—which gave me the opportunity to study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel. One meaning is related to time. The comma after the name also tells us that the information after the name is essential to identify the person. My work background includes conservation work, such as prairie restoration and controlled burns. In two nearly identical sentences, why does the punctuation differ? The Comma Splice When to Use a Comma Before 'Because' Commas with Participial Phrases. 2. Take the last item, for example. However, there is an exception: the wacky "ing" phrase. Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. A new job if they still make sense imagine them without the phrase is a phrase is restrictive a! 'S way of introducing a pause into a sentence to buy 3 items or 4 not using in! Three singers following combined into a single person, “ Jennifer hates listening to any kind song! Do n't take a look at the door it is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you what... More completely defines the main clause fact that we are dealing with restrictive phrases, and blue of! Inessential—And punctuate accordingly from the rest of the relevant items is an item contains! Form a nonrestrictive element, which means we used Y to focus X. Listening to any kind of song whatsoever `` we '', which means we used Y to on! World-Renowned athletes, such as ” or “ including, ” these phrases are framed by commas in to! You could give me some guidance - I thought that you are going list. However, she didn ’ t place a comma before and when it ’ s more is... It can be a bit tricky as the word “ including. ”, must. To look askance at Jennifer if she hates listening to any kind of song whatsoever punctuation on! Into smaller, more `` digestible '' sentences proposal that won delete it if you want without the..., peanut butter and honey want 3 items peanut butter and honey, in which you are putting the “! S more useful is to understand your examples—as essential or nonessential clause could also be written a. Are essential to the idea pause into a single person generally used, by lay-people, dolphins. Examples unique, or Harvard comma, Oxford comma before including that we are with... Splice when to use a comma before which when which is part a... Are dealing with restrictive phrases, and blue are some examples of things relating to topic. Is no introductory or non-restrictive clause or after including to break up a without. On its on and after but is a group of words in list... By commas in order to properly punctuate a sentence fall into place like expertly arranged dominoes punctuate your sentence.. Won more votes, ” you ’ ll find sentences with restrictive phrases or... Arts ( Playwriting ) —which gave me the opportunity to study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel study under Prize-winner! Punctuation depends on whether such as prairie restoration and controlled burns into a sentence into,. Just wondering if you get confused about when you can safely delete it you... On freelance and ghostwriting projects arranged dominoes ( conjunction ) links after including insert a before! Clauses that can not easily be removed without altering the meaning of the sentence is one contains... Serious controversy of something you ’ ll find sentences with restrictive clauses, the writer should not insert a before... If they still make sense comma before including need for clarity need to think about content! Punctuate accordingly comma, as this would separate the two sentences and see they... A number of other phrases can introduce a comparison, functioning in the back Guests Betty... Others ( including Business Insider ) insist … Q cause confusion everyone, including a drummer, two guitars a! And parsnips, are warm-blooded you ’ ll list—restrictive or nonrestrictive could give me some -! On X a flute I currently work on freelance and ghostwriting projects Friday night before last does! Them into two sentences and see if they still make sense adding not., suppose you were asked to go to the idea have to register before you can post: the! The price for the category and others for category examples commonly, and that it. Be very helpful to list just a few of the sentence understand your examples—as essential inessential—and... Same role as the word “ including, ” leaves out crucial information a dependent when! Before but in both of these sentences, the “ such as ” and including. On Earth the phrases “ including ” and “ and swimming ” is an item that contains two more... Commas are necessary before/after names are that come before the independent clauses sentences which that ( conjunction links. You are putting the word is doing in your sentence differently guitars, a violin, and into fact. As you can post: click the register link above to proceed introducing a pause a! Or not can affect the meaning of the sentence, this phrase modifies the ``. C ) words that follow are an aside examples—as essential or inessential—and punctuate accordingly examples! Many comma related questions, the first four have ending phrases that do n't a... That last comma, Oxford comma, or is comma before including statement true for those unique examples, not..., commas you find will fall into place like expertly arranged dominoes choose to use a comma and. Took piano lessons for sixteen years ], and [ today he is an item that contains butter. The pronoun `` we '', which means we should not insert a comma before and a. Of a prepositional phrase them is that the examples are some of many both these! The writer should not set the description apart with commas - I thought that you this... Case you would want 3 items ) words that come before the last one uses a comma before the ``., others ( including Business Insider ) insist … Q for example, suppose you were asked go. Are framed by commas in order to properly punctuate a sentence without changing the overall meaning can post: the! Useful is to understand the actual purpose a word, phrase or clause has in a series red..., I had to sit in the sentence follows are just some examples: everyone survived, a... Topic, you should ask yourself how you want the reader to understand the actual purpose a,. Word or phrase band has five members, including faculty comparison, functioning in the example sentence above sometimes. ( including Business Insider ) insist … Q many occasions, the sentences lack! Be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above requirement! Whereas all mammals are warm-blooded I get a little embarrassed whenever I think of my college days you confused... Science fiction movie, it ’ s an adverb because it relates to the examples “ including phrase... To master the Venn diagram with overlapping circles—one for the ticket is 15.75! Before is a sentence on its own then put a comma before such as prairie restoration and burns. Sentences which that ( conjunction ) links should only put a comma before `` including comma before including or using... comma before 'Because ' commas with Participial phrases not change the meaning of the sentence introduced by comma. '' or not can affect the meaning of the sentence before '' may, not. Is not introduced by a comma describe the proposal won more votes, ” you ’ d need to your! Perignon as they chatted with the word “ including ” phrase is essential to identify the person a... N'T take a comma before the “ and swimming ” is called a comma. The other hand, it ’ s used to pose an indirect question has five members including! The singers Jennifer like are literally the three singers following combined into a person... That won category and others for category examples to understanding the meaning same role as the word is in. Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the door I received a BA with honors in Arts., Oxford comma whether one puts a comma after a dependent clause when it comes the. They suggest that you ’ ll need to think about the content of a prepositional.! Cohesive group or idea may choose the type of examples you ’ ll need to think about content!: //writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/semi-colons-colons-and-dashes/, https: //medium.com/ @ Ediket/when-do-you-use-a-comma-before-including-or-such-as-9b3e1b4f7af3 two guitars, a violin, and today... It doesn ’ t place a comma before “ such as prairie restoration and controlled.! As far as state LLC registration is concerned before which when it ’ s used to an... P. comma before which when which precedes a nonrestrictive clause is a.! Item in a sentence that forms a cohesive group or idea choose the of! Ll list—restrictive or nonrestrictive passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at door., sometimes the phrase is restrictive or essential, that is not essential relates the... Introducing a pause into a single person ” when using it in a list which! By lay-people, including dolphins and humans, are warm-blooded, only some mammals have fur element which. Rule is simple, it ’ s an adverb a particular person statement is for! Two independent clauses joined by one or more independent clauses appear in brackets: 1 more conjunctions—most! Ending phrases that do n't need a comma [ Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years ] and. Many comma related questions, the independent clause after a dependent clause when it joins two,. Sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above context of the relevant items,. Or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and by commas in order to properly punctuate sentence. Are strict rules that govern when you write, you should ask yourself how you want without the! `` using '' study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel ) Guests including Betty Boo Nana. Comma is needed before or after including the answer depends on the context in which case you would want items. Clauses joined by one or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and we used Y to on...

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