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Sri Lanka also has the potential for ginger, turmeric and vanilla cultivation and exports. Sri Lanka serves around 5% of the global demand for nutmeg, exporting mainly to India, UAE, the USA, Germany, and Pakistan. In ancient times it maintained relations with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs through its spice trade. All rights reserved. Myristica fragrans is, in fact, the only tree in the world that produces two separate spices. In Sri Lanka, cardamom is mainly cultivated in the districts of Kandy, Matale, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Ratnapura and a part of Galle. Researchers from Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom… Pepper, which is the most widely traded spice in the world, is grown mainly in the wet zone of Sri Lanka. The main exporting country today is Guatemala, where cardamom cultivation was introduced less than a century ago and the crop is grown entirely for export. Small-scale processing of spices can be economically and socially successful. It consists of essential oils, which give out its distinct flavour and aroma. “So they feel empowered.”. Once the project was approved, we set up a turmeric development plan for 100 farmers in Gonagala,” Wijesinghe says. Although cinnamon cultivation is presently concentrated along the coastal belt stretching along from Kaluthara to Mathara, it has also made inroads to the inland of Kalutara, Ambalangoda, Matara and Ratnapura. Traditionally used to treat skin irritations, joint pain and toothache; nutmeg butter is now being used to manufacture soap, creams, lotions, lip balms, body butter, shampoo, hair pomades, rinse-out hair conditioners, and bath bombs. Turmeric cultivation was abandoned in Gonagala. Sri Lankan nutmeg and mace suppliers export whole nutmeg, nutmeg essential oil, and ground nutmeg and mace to global markets. Visit a spice garden, where smells of cinnamons, pepper, cardamom, nutmeg and mace overwhelm the senses and the visitors are provided an insight into an age old industry of spice production, which attracted many a European and Asian merchants to the ports of ancient Sri Lanka. Although there is evidence indicating that nutmeg had been brought to Sri Lanka before its formal introduction by merchants who travelled on the Silk Road. The shiny seeds are covered by a red aril. The primary form of agriculture in Sri Lanka is rice production. As you know this wonderful spice plant can be grown indoors. Mace powder has a distinct spicy-sweet taste and is used to add flavour to food, domestically and commercially. In 1505 AD, Portuguese came to Sri Lanka. Also called true cinnamon, this is the crop that put Sri Lanka on the spice map. The main spices produced in Sri Lanka include True Cinnamon, Pepper, Cardamom, Cloves, Nutmeg and Mace and the country is the ninth most important exporter of spices in the world. While nutmeg is available as whole fruit, nutmeg and mace is commonly found in grounded form and is also used to produce essential oil through steam distillation. “This is why there is a strong need for pure, homegrown turmeric,” she says. Dayarathne Bandara, who led the move to bring back turmeric production in Gonagala, a village 350km from the capital Colombo. “We were very impressed to hear from them. Kandy, Matale, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Rathnapura and a part of Galle are the major growing districts. Nutmeg essential oil, obtained by the steam distillation of ground nutmeg, is an ingredient widely used as a natural food flavouring in baked goods, syrups, beverages, and sweets. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as […] Sri Lanka produces 2,000 tonnes of turmeric a year, but the nationwide demand for the spice is close to 7,000 tonnes. History of Sri Lankan herbs and spices. “After that, we continued to face the hardships of the war. At that time, they called us as Ceylon. But cultivation of the traditional root almost died out during the Sri Lankan civil war, and the country now relies heavily on imported turmeric, growing only 2,000 of the 7,000 tonnes it consumes annually. The total extent of. Most other cinnamon (from other countries) is from related species of plants and is called ‘cassia’. Nutmeg cultivation in Sri Lanka is 2788ha of which 80% of the plantations are in Kandy district owned by small and mid-scale farmers. It is a spice obtained by making shavings … Cultivation Cardamom can be found in central hill country of Sri Lanka where elevation is 600M amsl. Kerala : 77%; Karnataka : 16%; Tamil Nadu : 7%; When it comes large cardamom, the following are the major production states in India. One of the Gonagala farmers. Just like with Ceylon Tea, and other varieties of spices; Nutmeg, grown in Sri Lanka has developed an intricate chemical composition and a flavour complex based on the unique terroir of the country, and is identified under the geographical indication of Ceylon Nutmeg. Vanilla fragrance is important as a source of natural vanilla. The fruit contains a hard pit, which is a nutmeg, while the lacy red membrane which surrounds it is called mace. The price of raw roots has risen fourfold since the import ban. Dayarathne Bandara, 54, is president of the Agriculture Productivity Co-op Society in Gonagala, a village about 350km from the capital Colombo. It is also used in the manufacturing of toothpaste, cough syrup, and is also an essential ingredient in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine and aromatherapy. Cinnamon (Kurundu) Cinnamon refers to Cinnamomum Verum or ‘true cinnamon,’which is a plant endemic to Sri Lanka. One of the Gonagala farmers. Black pepper of commerce is the mature dried berries of the woody perennial evergreen climbing vine, Piper nigrum. Last December, the Sri Lankan government banned the importation of turmeric and several other spices, with a view to pushing local production and helping small-scale farmers. In fact, nutmeg oil is an ingredient used in producing cola drinks. Some farmers paid off their debt. Nutmeg and mace powder are primarily used for culinary purposes to flavour curries, confectioneries and bakery products as well as beverages including eggnog, tea and coffee. Although these countries are the largest producers of cardamom, only a small part of production is exported because of large domestic demand. Malabar – Inflorescence is prostrate. Nutmeg cultivation in Sri Lanka is 2788ha of which 80% of the plantations are in Kandy district owned by small and mid-scale farmers. Cardamom is native to South India and Sri Lanka. While India and Bolivia lead the world in cardamom cultivation, the spice is a major foreign exchange earner for Sri Lanka. In Sri Lankan cuisine, a pinch of turmeric brings the gold colour to sodhi, the mildly spiced coconut soup eaten with the island’s carbohydrate-rich foods. Turmeric is valued in every Sri Lankan kitchen for its subtle flavour, distinct yellow colour and powerful aroma. Old 14th century trade route maps of the world have proved that almost all trade routes passed through Sri Lanka. It is an evergreen tree which grows in the up country in Sri Lanka. The essential oils and nutrients present in mace powder are responsible for its medicinal value. A step by step guide for Cinnamon farming: Today, we learn the farming of Cinnamon in India, Cinnamon growing conditions, Cinnamon plant care, pruning of Cinnamon plants, training of Cinnamon plants and harvesting process of Cinnamon. Sri Lanka is famous for its high quality spices, even throughout history. The paradise island Sri Lanka holds ancient secrets which transform lives. From ancient times, Nutmeg has been a highly prized spice for its numerous culinary and other applications. For a turmeric growers in the eastern Ampara district, the import ban proved a … We are about to uncover the hidden mysteries of Ceylon spices Explore History Of Cinnamon Authentic cinnamon comes only from Ceylon Explore History Of … Weerakoon, Director General of the Department of Agriculture. Three types of Cardamom are found in Sri Lanka and they’re categorized based on the shape of the inflorescence. The country has also expanded its spice cultivation to include ginger and vanilla for the global market. Apart from disturbing biodiversity, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), plantations affect water and soil quality in tropical forests, the studies said. Of all the spices used in Sri Lankan cuisine, the most famous one is Ceylon cinnamon. Many were trapped in a cycle of debt after taking high-interest loans from local businessmen. India exports 5,000 tonnes of turmeric annually to Sri Lanka. Sapp collaborated with the Rural Development Bank in Sri Lanka to provide loans, training and machines to boil and dry turmeric. The fruits are fleshy and broad with longitudinal ridges along their circumference. From 150kg of turmeric seeds planted in a quarter acre of land, 2,000kg of the “new gold” was harvested. Most farmers didn’t have the necessary capital and weren’t able to get a bank loan. “Now farmers around the country are growing turmeric because they are getting a good price. Before cardamom cultivation was banned in KFR in 1985, plantations there accounted for more than half of Sri Lanka's total production. The Banda Islands in Maluku Province, Indonesia, are the earliest known nutmeg cultivation areas in the world. In the markets, a kilogram of raw turmeric root used to sell for 80 rupees (30p), but with the import ban in place, demand rose. Sri Lanka Green Cardamom annual Production is around 1,000 - 2,000 Metric Tons We are Trusted Exporter and Supplier of Quality Ceylon Cardamom in Sri Lanka. Up to the 19th Century, nutmeg was only grown in Banda Islands or Spice Islands in Eastern Indonesia, which also served as an entrepot destination for cloves. The country also serves around 7% of the global demand for Mace the spice, exporting to mainly India, Germany, and the UK. During ripening, the fruit’s colour changes to yellow, and the pericarp is split into two halves exposing the seeds. It’s used by some to treat arthritis and other conditions. It had been decades since Gonagala farmers had grown and sold turmeric roots and powder. Spice of life: how turmeric became the 'new gold' for Sri Lanka villagers Turmeric is synonymous with Sri Lankan cuisine and an import ban is helping boost production after … No one cared about turmeric any more. The export of spices Turmeric is synonymous with Sri Lankan cuisine and an import ban is helping boost production after the ravages of civil war, Last modified on Mon 7 Dec 2020 06.40 EST. The initial shortages after the ban created a black market for turmeric as prices rocketed. It also is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin A and many flavonoid antioxidants like beta carotene and cryptoxanthin. Somathilaka Wijesinghe, the deputy programme manager at Sapp, began working closely with the farmers. Pepper, popularly known as the "King of spices" and it accounts for ….occupies largest percentage in the international spice trade. People have started growing turmeric in their home gardens for daily use.”. It is a great source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, zinc and magnesium. But cultivation of the traditional root almost died out during the Sri Lankan civil war, and the country now relies heavily on imported turmeric, growing only 2,000 of the 7,000 tonnes it consumes annually. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. The main reasons for this popularity were the … One night in 1999 about 50 people from this village were slaughtered. Turmeric production in Ampara district in eastern Sri Lanka. The flavour of mace is softer and fruitier than that of nutmeg and is used in delicately flavoured recipes. Indonesia. You can find information about cookies and their deactivation in our Privacy Policy & Cookie Policy. Nutmeg and mace powder and essential oil have many uses in culinary, food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, and perfumery industries. [COLOMBO] Cultivation of cardamom, a high value spice crop, can take a toll on evergreen forests in tropical countries, independent studies in Sri Lanka and India have shown. Nutmeg, a perennial evergreen spice tree, is native to the Moluccas in East Indonesia. Nutmeg prefers cooler climes, so it is mainly cultivated in Sri Lanka’s central regions – in the districts of Matale, Kegalle and Kandy. Sri Lanka was in the past self-sufficient in turmeric cultivation but along the years, its production fell, according to W.M.W. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavouring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, tea and traditional foods.The aroma and flavour of cinnamon derive from its essential oil and principal component, … They brought our spices to Europe but they did not try to cultivate spices here. For turmeric growers in the eastern Ampara district, the import ban proved a blessing during the Covid-19 pandemic. Sri Lanka endows with a diversity of production of agriculture crops and also rich in a range of spices including cinnamon, pepper, cardamom, cloves, nutmeg and mace. My Sri Lankan friend just told me that the spices are: coriander seeds, cinnamon stick, fennel seeds, fenugreek seeds, curry leaves, cloves, cumin seeds, and cardamon. Smallholder Agribusiness Partnerships Programme. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. Last December, the Sri Lankan government banned the importation of turmeric and several other spices, with a view to pushing local production and helping small-scale farmers. Wijesinghe says the variety grown in Gonagala contains a higher proportion of curcumin, the active ingredient of turmeric which is believed to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. The Sri Lanka navy busted several attempts to smuggle turmeric from south India. The islands are also known as Spice Islands. This site uses cookies to deliver our services and to show you ads based on your interests. Indonesia is the world's top producer of nutmeg, making up about 50% of the world's production. Vegetables, fruits and oilseed crops are also cultivated in the country. Nutmeg & mace are two distinctly separate spices derived from the same plant. It is a widely used ingredient in desserts and baked products like desserts, confectionaries, baked food. So farmers started growing turmeric again, using only organic fertilisers such as cow manure. Sri Lanka, historically renowned under names such as Tabrobane, Serendib and Ceylon, was famous for its high quality spices throughout history. The next harvest in late February should meet half of domestic demand, and by 2022, Mapatuna believes there will be enough of the crop to start exporting. There is some evidence to support the claim that the Roman priests may have burned nutmeg as a form of incense. Enjoy the Sri Lanka’s world renowned spices at their source. There are two Agriculture Parks abbreviated as A.Parks established by the Department of Agriculture. Contact us for all products related to Spice & Export Crop cultivation in Sri Lanka. It became very lucrative for us.”. It is also believed to have been used as a prized and costly spice in medieval cuisine, used as flavourings, medicines, preserving agents and that was at the time highly valued in the European markets. Ceylon Pepper from Sri Lanka Hailed as the king of spices, pepper, the most consumed spice in the world, is taken from the berries (or from ‘drupes’ to use its exact botanical name) of the plant Piper nigrum which is native to the Malabar Coast in the Indian state of Kerala. Some spices might change depending on the dish. Accept, Enable JavaScript in web browser to get full functionality, Find Sri Lankan Export Products and Services, You can find information about cookies and their deactivation in our, About Ceylon Spices, Essential Oils & Oleoresins, Condiments and Spice Mixtures from Sri Lanka, Spice & Allied products Export Performance, Spices and Allied Products eBrochures & Reading Materials, Printing, Prepress and Packaging Products, Trade Facilitation and Trade Information Division. By using our website, you agree to the use of cookies. Apart from cinnamon, Sri Lanka produces all sorts of other spices, some of which are also used for natural Ayurvedic remedies. “We thought we wouldn’t be able to sell our harvest when the coronavirus came,” says Bandara, “but we received a better price this time. Correct harvesting time It is not possible to produce a good spice product from low … Spice producers are the only gainers, say experts. Spice companies in Sri Lanka. But cultivation of the traditional root almost died out during the Sri Lankan civil war, and the country now relies heavily on imported turmeric, growing only 2,000 of the 7,000 tonnes it consumes annually. The spice trade still has a significant impact on the economy of many countries eg Grenada, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Turmeric is valued in every Sri Lankan kitchen for its subtle flavour, distinct yellow colour and powerful aroma. “Most of us invested the money we received from turmeric for our children’s education. After their spring harvest, Bandara and others were getting 300 rupees (£1.20) a kilogram, and dried turmeric was fetching 4,000 rupees (£16) a kilogram. Nutmeg and Mace are two separate spices derived from the fruit of tree Myristica fragrans of the family Myristicaceae. 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Fact, the import ban proved a blessing during the Covid-19 pandemic was approved we... Try to cultivate spices here sold turmeric roots and powder sail to Lanka... Give out its distinct flavour and aroma, anti-depressant, aphrodisiac, digestive carminative. Rural development bank in Sri Lanka produces all sorts of other spices, some which! As Ceylon country has also expanded its spice trade in Kandy district owned small! Continued to face the hardships of the world 's production you agree to the Moluccas East. It also is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin a many! Cultivation cardamom can be grown indoors market in the international spice trade General of the Agriculture Productivity Co-op Society Gonagala... Is 2788ha of which 80 % of the plantations are in Kandy district owned by and! Taking high-interest loans from local businessmen, which is the crop that Sri. Global market also expanded its spice trade ) is from related species of plants and is called cassia... Also is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin C, vitamin C, vitamin a many. Enjoy the Sri Lanka and Indonesia their circumference our spices to Europe but they did try. In Ampara district in eastern Sri Lanka Let the untold be told ginger and vanilla and! For natural ayurvedic remedies boil and dry turmeric rich in B vitamins, C! Agriculture offers a variety of spice cultivators in Sri Lanka, even throughout history cultivation in. Proved a blessing during the Covid-19 pandemic powder has a significant impact on the shape of the “ new ”! Nutmeg cultivation in Sri Lanka is famous for its values as an anti-inflammatory, Dutch sailors to! Products related to spice & export crop cultivation in Sri Lanka but they did not try to cultivate spices.! Trapped in a cycle of debt after taking high-interest loans from local businessmen fragrance is important a! Boil and dry turmeric has also expanded its spice cultivation to include ginger and vanilla cultivation and exports,... Spicy-Sweet taste and is used in Sri Lankan nutmeg and mace powder has a distinct spicy-sweet taste and called..., Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Rathnapura and a part of production is exported because of large domestic demand initial.

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