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how many letters in amharic alphabet

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The Amharic syllabary is usually presented as a grid with the vowels in the For example, wäyzäro 'lady' can take the normal plural, yielding wäyzär-očč, but wäyzazər 'ladies' is also found (Leslau 1995:173). In each of these four aspects of the grammar, independent pronouns, subject–verb agreement, object pronoun suffixes, and possessive suffixes, Amharic distinguishes eight combinations of person, number, and gender. Along with the infinitive and the present participle, the gerund is one of three non-finite verb forms. no standard way to transliterate Amharic into the Latin alphabet. If you think that your answer to this question is 26 letters, you need to read the question again. indicated in the table with the ' suffix. a syllabary. Wir haben uns dem Ziel angenommen, Produkte jeder Variante zu checken, damit Sie als Interessierter Leser ohne Probleme den How many letters in amharic alphabet gönnen können, den Sie für ideal befinden. pretty-def-and intelligent-def girl came) "the pretty and intelligent girl came". Until 1835, the English Alphabet consisted of 27 letters: right after " Z " the 27th letter of the alphabet was ampersand ( & ). You might be wondering how many letters are in the Spanish alphabet. How Letters are Written and Counted In the current and modern society, letters come in all forms. How many letters in amharic alphabet - Der Gewinner der Redaktion Hier lernst du jene bedeutenden Unterschiede und wir haben viele How many letters in amharic alphabet angeschaut. ), Amharic adds the independent pronouns to the preposition yä- 'of': የኔ yäne 'mine', ያንተ yantä 'yours m. There are thirty three basic shapes. For nouns ending in a consonant, plain -očč is used: bet 'house' becomes bet-očč 'houses'. Whether you want to do a word count or a character count, it helps to know the number of letters in the alphabet. and the "official working" language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. These do not have an equivalent [20] Each character represents a consonant+vowel sequence, but the basic shape of each character is determined by the consonant, which is modified for the vowel. Join our community of language learners to get started. "The dialect of Wällo". As in most other Ethiopian Semitic languages, gemination is contrastive in Amharic. In general, if the object is definite, possessed, or a proper noun, the accusative must be used (Leslau 1995: pp. [17][citation needed] In Washington DC, Amharic became one of the six non-English languages in the Language Access Act of 2004, which allows government services and education in Amharic. The infinitive is a nominalized verb, the present participle expresses incomplete action, and the gerund expresses completed action, e.g. For arguments of the verb other than the subject or the object, there are two separate sets of related suffixes, one with a benefactive meaning (to, for), the other with an adversative or locative meaning (against, to the detriment of, on, at). [citation needed] Most of the Ethiopian Jewish communities in Ethiopia and Israel speak Amharic. Amharic has a further set of morphemes that are suffixed to nouns, signalling possession: ቤት bet 'house', ቤቴ bete, my house, ቤቷ; betwa, her house. The internal plural employs vowel quality or apophony to pluralize words, similar to English man vs. men and goose vs. geese. This literature includes government proclamations and records, educational books, religious material, novels, poetry, proverb collections, dictionaries (monolingual and bilingual), technical manuals, medical topics, etc. There may be more than one gerund in one sentence. 181 ff.). Since 2004 Wikipedia has had an Amharic language Wiki that uses Ethiopic script. Letters in English sometimes have dual functions; for instance, the letter C can sound like a K or an S . Hier bei uns wird großes Augenmerk auf die faire Betrachtung des Testverfahrens gelegt und das Produkt am Ende durch eine abschließenden Testnote bewertet. indicate a different vowel following the base consonant. In compound words, the plural marker is suffixed to the second noun: betä krǝstiyan 'church' (lit. Fidäl means "script", "alphabet", "letter", or "character". Some consonant phonemes are written by more than one series of characters: /ʔ/, /s/, /sʼ/, and /h/ (the last one has four distinct letter forms). pol.'. Mittwoch, Eugen. Knowing the correct number of letters in the alphabet depends greatly on which language's alphabet you are referring to. [10] With 21,811,600 total speakers as of 2007, including around 4,000,000 second language speakers, Amharic is the second-most common language of Ethiopia (after Oromo) and second-most commonly spoken Semitic language in the world (after Arabic). In Amharic, the adjective precedes the noun, with the verb last; e.g. There is Amsalu Aklilu and Habte Mariam Marcos (1973). Lǝǧ is 'boy'. [9] *BGN = Board on Geographic Names (USA) PCGN = The Permanent Committee on Geographical Na… Amharic nouns can have a masculine or feminine gender. This includes personal pronouns such as English I, Amharic እኔ ǝne; English she, Amharic እሷ ǝsswa. This property of the writing system is analogous to the vowels of Arabic and Hebrew or the tones of many Bantu languages, which are not normally indicated in writing. The word "satta" has become a common expression in the Rastafari dialect of English, Iyaric, meaning "to sit down and partake".[28]. (From ማለፍ 'to pass'). bet-očč-u 'houses', gäräd-očč-u 'maids'. A noun like ǝgǝr 'foot, leg' is primary, and a noun like ǝgr-äñña 'pedestrian' is a derived noun. The Amharic ejective consonants correspond to the Proto-Semitic "emphatic consonants", usually transcribed with a dot below the letter. Amharic is the national language of Ethiopia, where the majority of the language's 25 million speakers live. 1907. i never counted our letters but we have 7 columuns and about 38 rows zat means 7x 38= 86 alphabet Hieroglyphics have one set of characters (among many… For reflexive pronouns ('myself', 'yourself', etc. There is a growing body of literature in Amharic in many genres. This script is syllabic, with each This keyboard use Tap & Hold gesture to display all letter Another possibility for nouns ending in a vowel is to delete the vowel and use plain očč, as in wǝšš-očč 'dogs'. Adjectives can be nominalized by way of suffixing the nominal article (see Nouns above). tǝllǝq-u bet-e (lit. The English alphabet has 26 letters.Other alphabets may have a different number of letters, e.g. house-FEM-DEF). This means that each letter or symbol usually represents a whole The Ethiopic alphabet consists of 26 letters, all representing consonants, that can be transformed into syllabic symbols by attaching the appropriate vocalic markers to the letters. How many letters in amharic alphabet - Nehmen Sie dem Favoriten der Experten Jeder einzelne von unserer Redaktion begrüßt Sie als Interessierten Leser zu unserem Test. As in the plural, morphophonological alternations occur depending on the final consonant or vowel. 56 There are 33 basic characters, each of which has seven forms depending on … The Ethiopian script is not strictly speaking an alphabet, but what is called However, in such cases, the person, number, and (second- or third-person singular) gender of the subject and object are marked on the verb. Ask questions on Justlearn to speak a language. [27] Various reggae artists in the 1970s, including Ras Michael, Lincoln Thompson and Misty in Roots, have sung in Amharic, thus bringing the language to a wider audience. Amharic is written with a version of the Ge'ez script known as Fidel. Besides using the normal external plural (-očč), nouns and adjectives can be pluralized by way of reduplicating one of the radicals. Anbessa Teferra and Grover Hudson (2007). big-def house-my) "my big house". The table below shows alternatives for many of the forms. Officially, there are 27 letters in the Spanish alphabet according to the Real Academia Española‘s new 2010 Common Orthography. The choice depends on what precedes the form in question, usually whether this is a vowel or a consonant, for example, for the first-person singular possessive suffix, አገሬ agär-e 'my country', ገላዬ gäla-ye 'my body'. Nyala font is included on Windows 7 (see YouTube video)[29] and Vista (Amharic Language Interface Pack)[30] to display and edit using the Amharic Script. wänd lǝǧ 'boy', set lǝǧ 'girl'; wänd hakim 'physician, doctor (m.)', set hakim 'physician, doctor (f.)'. The gerund functions as the head of a subordinate clause (see the example above). Read answers to learn more. How many letters in amharic alphabet - Die preiswertesten How many letters in amharic alphabet im Überblick! This usage is an example of the so-called T–V distinction that is made in many languages. [15][16] As of the 2007 census, Amharic is spoken by 21.6 million native speakers in Ethiopia[1] and 4 million secondary speakers in Ethiopia. Morphemes such as -llat and -bbat in these examples will be referred to in this article as prepositional object pronoun suffixes because they correspond to prepositional phrases such as for her and on her, to distinguish them from the direct object pronoun suffixes such as -at 'her'. The title was believed to mean "give thanks"; however, this phrase means "he thanked" or "he praised", as säṭṭä means "he gave", and amässägänä "thanks" or "praise". wǝšša 'dog', wǝšša-ʷočč 'dogs'; käbäro 'drum', käbäro-ʷočč 'drums'. ityop̣p̣ya-(a)wi 'Ethiopian (m.)' vs. ityop̣p̣ya-wi-t 'Ethiopian (f.)'; sämay-awi 'heavenly (m.)' vs. sämay-awi-t 'heavenly (f.)'. Note that the plural demonstratives, like the second and third person plural personal pronouns, are formed by adding the plural prefix እነ ǝnnä- to the singular masculine forms. The gerund is used to form the following tense forms: The gerund can be used as an adverb: See the table above to learn Amharic alphabet … Amharic has few primary adjectives. sound in English, they sound 'sharper' than their normal counterparts. Mittwoch described a form of Amharic spoken by the descendants of Weyto language speakers,[25] It is spoken as a first language by the Amharas and as a lingua franca by other populations residing in major cities and towns of Ethiopia. Amsalu Aklilu & Demissie Manahlot (1990). sg., you f. example "h" appears four times. polite)'. For example, wändǝmm 'brother' can be pluralized as wändǝmm-očč 'brothers' but also as wändǝmmam-ač 'brothers of each other'. How many letters in amharic alphabet - Betrachten Sie dem Testsieger Um Ihnen die Produktauswahl wenigstens ein klein wenig zu erleichtern, haben unsere Tester auch noch das beste aller Produkte gekürt, das unserer Meinung nach unter all den verglichenen How many letters in amharic alphabet beeindruckend herausragt - vor allem der Faktor Verhältnismäßigkeit von Preis und Leistung. Anbessa Tefera (1999). but it was likely not a dialect of Amharic so much as the result of incomplete language learning as the community shifted languages from Weyto to Amharic. While many may assume you're talking about English, that might not always be the best assumption since there are so many different languages around the … You can think of how a word sounds in Amharic and then type it out with English. See more ideas about alphabet, amharic language, ethiopian. Amharic (/æmˈhærɪk/[5][6][7] or /ɑːmˈhɑːrɪk/;[8] (Amharic: አማርኛ), Amarəñña, IPA: [amarɨɲːa] (listen)) is an Ethio-Semitic language, which is a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages. There are a number of ways to transliterate Amharic into the Latin alphabet, including one developed by Ernst Hammerschmidt, the EAE Transliteration system, developed by Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, and the BGN/PCGN* system, which was designed for use in romanizing names written in Amharic characters and adopted by the UN in 1967. The correct way to say "give thanks" in Amharic is one word, misgana. This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 16:47. Amharic (/æmˈhærɪk/[5][6][7] or /ɑːmˈhɑːrɪk/;[8] (Amharic: አማርኛ), Amarəñña, IPA: [amarɨɲːa] (listen)) is an Ethio-Semitic language, which is a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages. Amharic verbs often have additional morphology that indicates the person, number, and (second- and third-person singular) gender of the object of the verb. The Spanish The Amharic alphabet letters include extra letters such as ቸ (Ce), ሸ (She), ጨ (Che) which are not in Ge’ez alphabet. Like most languages, Amharic grammar distinguishes person, number, and often gender. Amharic is supported on most major Linux distributions, including Fedora and Ubuntu. Amharic Alphabet Amharic is the second most spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic, and the "official working" language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. The Ethiopian alphabet or Amharic letters is also known as Ethiopic or Geez is one of the oldest used in the world. spelling. bet-it-u 'the little house' (lit. Amharic articles from Road To Ethiopia blog. the first column of the fidel. Although these forms are singular semantically—they refer to one person—they correspond to third-person plural elsewhere in the grammar, as is common in other T–V systems. New and old letters Throughout the years, the Russian alphabet … in the most common ha-hu order: You may notice that some consonants appear more than once in the alphabet, for Amharic Alphabet Today I will teach you the Amharic alphabet.If you follow everything provided in this page, you will be able to read, write and pronounce the Amharic letters quickly and easily. All dialects are mutually intelligible, but certain minor variations are noted.[23][24]. Welche Punkte es beim Kauf Ihres How many letters in amharic alphabet zu beachten gibt! How many letters in amharic alphabet - Der Gewinner Hallo und Herzlich Willkommen auf unserer Seite. ṣähafi 'scholar', ṣähafi-ʷočč or ṣähafi-yočč 'scholars'. The feminine gender is not only used to indicate biological gender, but may also be used to express smallness, e.g. Like English, Amharic makes a two-way distinction between near ('this, these') and far ('that, those') demonstrative expressions (pronouns, adjectives, adverbs). There are, however, also nouns having this -it suffix that are treated as masculine: säraw-it 'army', nägar-it 'big drum'. ', የሷ yässwa 'hers', etc. The early Cyrillic alphabet had as many as 44 letters, many of which are no longer in use in the modern Russian alphabet. Ge'ez Language Ge'ez, the ancient language of the Aksumite empire, is used today only for religious writings and worship in the Ethiopian Orthodox church. The Amharic script is included in Unicode, and glyphs are included in fonts available with major operating systems. Looking for the number of letters in the alphabets depend a lot upon language about which one is referring to. Amharic is written with a version of the Ge'ez script known as Fidel. Unser Testerteam hat verschiedenste Hersteller untersucht und … There are several usages of the gerund depending on its morpho-syntactic features. For example: There are also several nominalising suffixes. [20] The citation form for each series is the consonant+ä form, i.e. *Amharic alphabet have too many letters, how to type in QWERTY keyboard? [2] Additionally, 3 million emigrants outside of Ethiopia speak the language. Within second- and third-person singular, there are two additional polite independent pronouns, for reference to people to whom the speaker wishes to show respect. Nouns and adjectives ending in -awi usually take the suffix -t to form the feminine form, e.g. Amharic nouns can be primary or derived. There are several ways to express gender. The feminine marker can also serve to express tenderness or sympathy. For example: In singular forms, this article distinguishes between the male and female gender; in plural forms this distinction is absent, and all definites are marked with -u, e.g. "Differences Between the Amharic Dialects of Gondär and Addis Abäba" in T. Parfitt and E. Trevisan Semi (eds.). (-u is a definite article. ', ያንቺ yanči 'yours f. Some nouns have this feminine marker without having a masculine opposite, e.g. Amharic is the second most spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic, sg. The Amharic language possibly originated as result of a pidginization process with a Cushitic substratum and a Semitic superstratum to enable communication between people who spoke a mix of different languages. If the adjective noun complex is definite, the definite article is suffixed to the adjective and not to the noun, e.g. The plural suffix -očč is used to express plurality of nouns. The Amharic words that translate he, I, and her do not appear in these sentences as independent words. Sometimes combinations of the two systems are found. Some kinship-terms have two plural forms with a slightly different meaning. This suffix also occurs in nouns and adjective based on the pattern qǝt(t)ul, e.g. Most commonly, many of the people just assume that someone is talking about English but the fact is there are still a lot more languages there which also have character count. Amharic Alphabet And Letters Save Amharic Alphabet Chart Free Amharic Alphabet Image Amharic Alphabet HD Image Amharic Letter Image in High-Quality Download Amharic Letter Image Amharic Letter Free Download Amharic Letter HD Picture Print Amharic Alphabet Chart Online Amharic Alphabet Image Amharic has been the working language of courts, language of trade and everyday communications, the military, since the late 12th century and remains the official language of Ethiopia today. The Amharic script is included in Unicode, in the Ethiopic block (U+1200 – U+137F). In many cases, the simplest is to paste your text on this site to obtain the number of characters or letters. For nouns ending in a back vowel (-a, -o, -u), the suffix takes the form -ʷočč, e.g. In February 2010, Microsoft released its Windows Vista operating system in Amharic, enabling Amharic speakers to use its operating system in their language. alfo alfo yǝsǝqall 'Sometimes he laughs'. If a noun is definite or specified, this is expressed by a suffix, the article, which is -u or -w for masculine singular nouns and -wa, -itwa or -ätwa for feminine singular nouns. Knowing these characters will allow you to read and write commonly used expressions and words with ease. This is because these fidel originally represented distinct sounds, but phonological changes merged them. For first person, there is a two-way distinction between singular (I) and plural (we), whereas for second and third persons, there is a distinction between singular and plural and within the singular a further distinction between masculine and feminine (you m. The consonant and vowel tables give these symbols in parentheses where they differ from the standard IPA symbols. Google added Amharic to its Language Tools[31] which allows typing Amharic Script online without an Amharic Keyboard. Ethiopian novelist Haddis Alemayehu, who was an advocate of Amharic orthography reform, indicated gemination in his novel Fǝqǝr Ǝskä Mäqabǝr by placing a dot above the characters whose consonants were geminated, but this practice is rare. Below is the syllabary and እሳቸው ǝssaččäw 's/he (polite)'. Examples: täbat t'ǝǧa 'calf (m.)'; awra doro 'cock (rooster)'; set doro 'hen'. big-def house) 'the big house'. Amharic is written in a slightly modified form of the alphabet used for writing the GeÊ¿ez language. That is, consonant length can distinguish words from one another; for example, alä 'he said', allä 'there is'; yǝmätall 'he hits', yǝmmättall 'he is hit'. Adjectives are words or constructions used to qualify nouns. followed by the vowel ä. syllable. The Amharic examples in the sections below use one system that is common among linguists specialising in Ethiopian Semitic languages.[14]. The adjective and the noun together are called the 'adjective noun complex'. As in other Semitic languages, the same distinctions appear in three other places in their grammar. After Haile Selassie's 1966 visit to Jamaica, study circles in Amharic were organized in Jamaica as part of the ongoing exploration of Pan-African identity and culture. child-DEF dog-DEF-ACC drove.away-3MS.SUBJ. The Abyssinians, a reggae group, have also used Amharic, most notably in the song "Satta Massagana". ), Amharic adds the possessive suffixes to the noun ራስ ras 'head': ራሴ rase 'myself', ራሷ raswa 'herself', etc. Want to know how to write your name in Amharic? kǝfu geta 'a bad master'; təlləq bet särra (lit. Amharic is written using a version of the Ge'ez script. It is spoken as a first language by the Amharas and as a … [11][12], Amharic is written left-to-right using a system that grew out of the Geʽez script. sg., you pl., he, she, they). Because the affixes that signal subject agreement vary greatly with the particular verb tense/aspect/mood, they are normally not considered to be pronouns and are discussed elsewhere in this article under verb conjugation. From the way Dawit Worku reported it on his blog , I feel I that I would have enjoyed listening to those who argued both for and against the motion. šärär-it 'spider', azur-it 'whirlpool, eddy'. Nouns that end in a front vowel pluralize using -ʷočč or -yočč, e.g. Amharic is written with a version of the Ge'ez script known as ፊደል (Fidel). Some examples are dägg 'kind, generous', dǝda 'mute, dumb, silent', bi č̣a 'yellow'. nǝgus 'king' vs. nǝgǝs-t 'queen' and qǝddus 'holy (m.)' vs. qǝddǝs-t 'holy (f.)'. house of Christian) becomes betä krǝstiyan-očč 'churches'. horizontal axis and the consonants in the vertical axis. for-Almaz door-DEF-ACC {I opened for her}, 'I closed the door on Almaz (to her detriment).'. Some morphophonological alternations occur depending on the final consonant or vowel. Here are a few simple sentences:[22], 'The boy is asleep.' The Amharic script is an abugida, and the graphemes of the Amharic writing system are called fidel. When the subject or object in such sentences is emphasized, an independent pronoun is used: እሱ ኢትዮጵያዊ ነው ǝssu ʾityop̣p̣yawi näw 'he's Ethiopian', እኔ ጋበዝኳት ǝne gabbäzkwat 'I invited her', እሷን ጋበዝኳት ǝsswan gabbäzkwat 'I invited her'. Learn Amharic Flashcards Alphabet Quiz Amharic Letters Let's now learn the Amharic letters. big house he-built) 'he built a big house'. For possessive pronouns (mine, yours, etc. [13], There is no universally agreed way of romanising Amharic into Latin script. The basic shapes are altered in various ways to Bender, M. Lionel and Hailu Fulass (1978). In the case of an indefinite plural adjective noun complex, the noun is plural and the adjective may be used in singular or in plural form. Many other consonants have a "glottalized" or "explosive" version, The English alphabet consists of 26 letters, A through Z. The writing system is called fidäl (ፊደል) in Ethiopian Semitic languages. "Proben aus dem amharischen Volksmund", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Population and Housing Census 2007 Report, National, "Complexities of Ethiopian Sign Language Contact Phenomena & Implications for AAU", "Amharic alphabet, pronunciation and language", "Amharic translation services | Professional Amharic interpreter", "Israel's Ethiopian Jews keep ancient language alive in prayer", Bernard Collins (The Abyssinians) Interview, Selected Annotated Bibliography on Amharic, Grover Hudson at the Michigan State University, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amharic&oldid=993066532#Alphabet, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Language articles without reference field, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from July 2014, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, For a list of words relating to Amharic, see the. All Rights Reserved. These generally represent the consonants For people, wänd is used for masculinity and set for femininity, e.g. Oct 20, 2015 - The Amharic Machine shows you how to write any word or sentence in Amharic characters.. Amsalu Aklilu has pointed out that Amharic has inherited a large number of old plural forms directly from Classical Ethiopic (Ge'ez) (Leslau 1995:172). When enumerating adjectives using -nna 'and', both adjectives take the definite article: qonǧo-wa-nna astäway-wa lǝǧ mäṭṭačč (lit. The singular pronouns have combining forms beginning with zz instead of y when they follow a preposition: ስለዚህ sǝläzzih 'because of this; therefore', እንደዚያ ǝndäzziya 'like that'. [18] Furthermore, Amharic is considered a holy language by the Rastafari religion and is widely used among its followers worldwide. In a possessive construction, the adjective takes the definite article, and the noun takes the pronominal possessive suffix, e.g. Mar 5, 2019 - Explore Salee Tee's board "Class Eritrea Alphabet", followed by 161 people on Pinterest. Typing in Amharic The Amharic keyboard ( ) uses a system where the Amharic sounds are matched to the English letters (a style called “phonetic”). How many letters are there in the Urdu alphabet? The writing system is also called abugida (አቡጊዳ), from the first four symbols; from this the modern term abugida is derived. For animals, the words täbat, awra, or wänd (less usual) can be used to indicate masculine gender, and anəst or set to indicate feminine gender. The language serves as the working language of Ethiopia, and is also the working language of several of the states within the Ethiopian federal system. Besides number, Amharic - unlike English - also distinguishes between the masculine and the feminine genders in the singular. The ‘How many letters in the alphabet?’ riddle has tricked quite a number of people. While morphemes such as -at in this example are sometimes described as signaling object agreement, analogous to subject agreement, they are more often thought of as object pronoun suffixes because, unlike the markers of subject agreement, they do not vary significantly with the tense/aspect/mood of the verb. the Greek alphabet has 32 letters. diligent-PLUR student-PLUR). Adjectives in Amharic can be formed in several ways: they can be based on nominal patterns, or derived from nouns, verbs and other parts of speech. Likewise, ǝhǝt 'sister' can be pluralized as ǝhǝt-očč ('sisters'), but also as ǝtǝmm-am-ač 'sisters of each other'. All Amharic verbs agree with their subjects; that is, the person, number, and (in the second- and third-person singular) gender of the subject of the verb are marked by suffixes or prefixes on the verb. The word Rastafari comes from Ras Täfäri, the pre-regnal title of Haile Selassie, composed of the Amharic words Ras (literally "Head", an Ethiopian title equivalent to duke) and Haile Selassie's pre-regnal name, Tafari. The archaic plural forms are sometimes used to form new plurals, but this is only considered grammatical in more established cases. The accusative suffix is usually placed after the first word of the noun phrase: Amharic has various ways to derive nouns from other words or other nouns. Not much has been published about Amharic dialect differences. Gemination is not indicated in Amharic orthography, but Amharic readers typically do not find this to be a problem. Amharic has special words that can be used to indicate the gender of people and animals. One way of nominalising consists of a form of vowel agreement (similar vowels on similar places) inside the three-radical structures typical of Semitic languages. For these letters each word has a "preferred" Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The Bible was first translated into Amharic by Abu Rumi in the early 19th century, but other translations of the Bible into Amharic have been done since. The most famous Amharic novel is Fiqir Iske Meqabir (transliterated various ways) by Haddis Alemayehu (1909–2003), translated into English by Sisay Ayenew with the title Love unto Crypt, published in 2005 (.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}ISBN 978-1-4184-9182-6). 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